Chronology of Christianity (2)

Published on March 19, 2003

Retrieved on 20th March 2003 from Catholic Spiritual Growth and Reference Material website at



526-530:  Pope Felix IV (III)
527-565: Justinian the Great, Byzantine emperor
527: Letters of Fulgentius, early Christian church father
529: Justinian closes 1000yr Athen's School of Philosophy, declared Paganistic
530-532: Pope Boniface II
530: Anti-Pope Dioscorus
532-535: Pope John II
533: N. Africa captured by Belisarius from Vandals, becomes Byzantine province
534-870: Malta becomes Byzantine province
535-536: Pope Agapitus I
536-537: Pope Silverius, martyr
537-555: Pope Vigilius, involved in death of Pope Silverius, conspired with Justinian and Theodora, excommunicated by N. African bishops in 550
539-562: War between Byzantine empire and Persia
542: Plague in Constantinople from Egyptian and Syrian rats, spreads to Europe
543: Justinian condemns Origen (254), disastrous earthquakes hit the world
541-546: Codex Fuldensis vg(F): Latin Vulgate, 27NT + Epistle to Laodiceans
544: Justinian condemns the "3 Chapters" of Theodore of Mopsuestia (d.428) and other writings of "2-natures" Christology of Council of Chalcedon (451)
547: Pope Vigilius issues "Iudicatum" supporting Justinian's anti-"2-natures"
547: Plague reaches Britain
548: Letters of Apringius Pacensis, early Christian church father
550-1453: Medieval Greek of Constantinople (Byzantium) becomes standard Greek
550: Byzantine Greek Text, standard Eastern Bible, much smoothing & conflation
550: St. David converts Wales to Christianity, crucifix becomes Christian icon
550?: Codex Claromontanus (Dp): Greek/Latin Pauline Epistles + Canon of ~250AD lists 27NT+Barnabas+Hermas+Acts_of_Paul+Apocalypse_of_Peter; "Western" type
550?: Codex Mediolanensis vg(M): Latin Vulgate Gospels
550?: Codex Veronensis: Greek & Old Latin Psalms
555: 2nd Council of Constantinople, 5th ecumenical, called by Justinian
556-561: Pope Pelagius I, selected by Justinian, endorsed "Iudicatum" (547)
561-574: Pope John III, authorized by Justinian
565-578: Justin II, Byzantine emperor
567: Letters of Primasius, Cassiodorus; early Christian church fathers
572-628: War between Byzantine empire and Persia
575-579: Pope Benedict I, authorized by Justin II,
578-582: Tiberius II, Byzantine emperor
579-590: Pope Pelagius II, died of plague
582-602: Maurice, Byzantine emperor
587: Visigoths of Spain converted to Christianity
589: Lombards of Italy converted to Christianity
590: Plague in Rome
590-604: Pope Gregory I, commanded that a way be found to collect and preserve the singing of the Benedictine monks of Santo Domingo de Silos (now known as Gregorian Chant)
594: End of plague which began in 542 and "halved" the population of Europe!
596: St. Augustine of Canterbury sent to convert Britain to Christianity
600?: Codex Harleianus vg(Z): Latin Vulgate Gospels
600?: Codex Philoxenian/Harclean Syr(ph/h): Syriac 27NT, "Western" text-type
602-610: Phocas, Byzantine emperor after killing Maurice
604-606: Pope Sabinian, authorized by Phocas
606-607: Pope Boniface III, authorized by Phocas
607-615: Pope Boniface IV, authorized by Phocas
609: Roman Pantheon (a Pagan Temple) renamed Church of Santa Maria Rotonda
610-641: Heraclius, Byzantine emperor after killing Phocas
611: Mohammed's reported vision of Allahon Mount Hira
614: Persians take Damascas and Jerusalem and "Holy Cross of Christ"
615: earliest records of some of Mohammed's teachings
615-618: Pope Deusdedit
619-625: Pope Boniface V, authorized by Heraclius
622-680: Monothelite controversy: condemned at 6th Ecum. Council of Constantinople
622: first year in Muslim calendar, The Hegira, 1a.h., (a.h. = anno hegirae)
624: Mohammed marries Aisha, daughter of Abu Bekr
625: Paulinus of Rome comes to convert Northumbria to Christianity
625-638: Pope Honorius I
625: Mohammed begins dictation of Qur'an (Koran) to his scribe
626: King Edwin of Northumbria founds Edinburgh and begins Christianization
627: Byzantines defeat Persians at Nineveh
628: Emperor Heraclius wins back "Cross of Christ" from Persians
628: Mohammed captures Mecca & writes to rulers of the world explaining Islam
629: Heraclius recovers Jerusalem from Persians
629: Pope Honorius I sides with Emperor Heraclius and Monothelites (622)
632: Mohammed, b. 570?, Arab prophet and founder of Islam
632: East Anglia Christianized
632: Abu Bekr, first Islamic Caliph, seat at Medina
634: Omar I, 2d Caliph, takes Syria/Persia/Egypt;defeats Heraclius in Holy War
635: Christianization of Wessex
635-750: Damascus becomes capital of Islamic Caliphs
636: Southern Irish Church submits to Roman Catholicism
637: Jerusalem captured by Islam
638: Emp. Heraclius' "Ecthesis", decrees Christ of one nature: "Monothelites"
640: Pope Severinus
640: Library of Alexandria, "The Center of Western Culture," with 300,000 ancient papyrus scrolls, is completely destroyed.
640-1380: Period between destruction of Library of Alexandria and the first complete English translation of the Bible
640-642: Pope John IV
642-649: Pope Theodore I
649-654: Pope Martin I, martyr
654-657: Pope Eugene I
657-673: Pope Vitalian
673-676: Pope Adeodatus II
676-678: Pope Donus
678-682: Pope Agatho
682-684: Pope Leo II
684-685: Pope Benedict II
685-686: Pope John V
686-687: Pope Conon
687: Anti-Pope Theodore
687: Anti-Pope Paschal
687-701: Pope Sergius I
690?: Earliest Bible translations into England's vernacular, continued work by Bede and others from this point forward
701-705: Pope John VI
705-708: Pope John VII
708: Pope Sisinnius
708-715: Pope Constantine
715-731: Pope Gregory II
731-741: Pope Gregory III
741-752: Pope Zachary
750?: Tower added to St Peter's Basilica at the front of the atrium
752-757: Pope Stephen II (III)
757-768: Pope Paul I
767: Anti-Pope Constantine
768: Anti-Pope Philip
768-772: Pope Stephen III (IV)
772-795: Pope Adrian I
795-816: Pope Leo III
816-817: Pope Stephen IV (V)
817-824: Pope Paschal I
824-827: Pope Eugene II
827: Pope Valentine
827-844: Pope Gregory IV
844: Anti-Pope John
844-847: Pope Sergius II
847-855: Pope Leo IV
850?: King Alfred translation of several Bible books into English vernacular, also done by Aldhelm and Aelfric
855-858: Pope Benedict III
855: Anti-Pope Anastasius
856: Earthquake in Corinth kills 45,000
858-867: Pope Nicholas I
867-872: Pope Adrian II
872-882: Pope John VII
882-884: Pope Marinus I
884-885: Pope Adrian III
885-891: Pope Stephen V (VI)
891-896: Pope Formosus
896: Pope Boniface VI
896-897: Pope Stephen VI (VII)
897: Pope Romanus
897-898: Pope Theodore II
898-900: Pope John IX
900-903: Pope Benedict IV
903-904: Pope Leo V
903: Anti-Pope Christopher
904-911: Pope Sergius III
911-913: Pope Anastasius III
913-914: Pope Landus
914-928: Pope John X
928: Pope Leo VI
928-931: Pope Stephen VII (VIII)
931-936: Pope John XI
936-939: Pope Leo VII
939-942: Pope Stephen VIII (IX)
942-946: Pope Marinus II
946-955: Pope Agapitus II
955-963: Pope John XII
963-964: Pope Leo VIII
964-965: Pope Benedict V
965-973: Pope John XIII
973-974: Pope Benedict VI
974: Anti-Pope Boniface VII
974-983: Pope Benedict VII
983-985: Pope John XIV
985-996: Pope John XV
996-999: Pope Gregory V
997: Anti-Pope John XVI
999-1003: Pope Sylvester II
1003-1004: Pope John XVII
1004-1009: Pope John XVIII
1009-1012: Pope Sergius IV
1012-1024: Pope Benedict VIII
1012: Anti-Pope Gregory
1024-1032: Pope John XIX
1032-1045: Pope Benedict IX
1045: Pope Sylvester III
1045: Pope Benedict IX
1045-1046: Pope Gregory VI
1046-1047: Pope Clement II
1047-1048: Pope Benedict IX
1048-1049: Pope Damasus II
1049-1055: Pope Leo IX
1054: Split between Eastern and Western churches formalized, Orthodox Church founded
1055-1057: Pope Victor II
1057-1059: Pope Stephen IX (X)
1057: Earthquake in Cilicia (Asia Minor) kills 60,000
1058: Anti-Pope Benedict X
1059-1061: Pope Nicholas II
1061-1073: Pope Alexender II
1061: Anti-Pope Honorius II
1073-1086: Gregory VII
1080: Anti-Pope Clement III
1086-1088: Pope Victor III
1088-1099: Pope Urban II
1095-1291: 10 Crusades, 1st called by Pope Urban II, to restore Asia Minor to Byzantium and conquer the Holy Land from the Turks
1099-1118: Pope Paschal II
1100: Anti-Pope Theodoric
1102: Anti-Pope Albert
1105: Anti-Pope Sylvester IV
1118-1119: Pope Gelasius II
1118: Anti-Pope Gregory VIII
1119-1124: Pope Callistus II
1124-1130: Pope Honorius II
1124: Anti-Pope Celestine II
1130-1143: Pope Innocent II
1130: Anti-Pope Anacletus II
1138: Anti-Pope Victor IV
1143-1144: Pope Celestine II
1144-1145: Pope Lucius II
1145-1153: Pope Eugene III
1153-1154: Pope Anastasius IV
1154-1159: Pope Adrian IV
1159-1181: Pope Alexander III
1159: Anti-Pope Victor IV
1164: Anti-Pope Paschal III
1168: Anti-Pope Callistus III
1179: Anti-Pope Innocent III
1181-1185: Pope Lucius III
1185-1187: Pope Urban III
1187: Pope Gregory VIII
1187-1191: Pope Clement III
1191: Pope Celestine III
1198-1216: Pope Innocent III
1206: Rosary is reportedly given to St. Dominic by an apparition of Mary
1215: Dominican order begun
1216-1227: Pope Honorius III
1223: Franciscan order begun
1225-1274: Thomas Aquinas, theologian and philosopher
1227-1241: Pope Gregory IX
1241-1243: Pope Celestine IV
1243-1254: Pope Innocent IV
1254-1261: Pope Alexander IV
1260: Date which a 1988 Vatican sponsered scientific study places the origin of the Shroud of Turin
1261-1265: Pope Urban IV
1265-1271: Pope Clement IV
1271-1276: Pope Gregory X
1276: Pope Innocent V
1276: Pope Adrian V
1276-1277: Pope John XXI
1277-1294: Pope Nicholas IV
1294: Pope Celestine V
1294-1303: Pope Boniface VIII
1303-1305: Pope Benedict XI
1305-1316: Pope Clement V
1316-1334: Pope John XXII
1321?: The Divine Comedy, by Dante Alighieri
1328: Anti-Pope Nicholas V
1334-1342: Pope Benedict XII
1342-1352: Pope Clement VI
1350?: English begins to emerge as the national language of England
1350?: Renaissance begins in Italy
1352-1362: Pope Innocent VI
1354: Earliest extant documentation stating the existance of the Shroud of Turin
1362-1370: Pope Urban V
1370-1378: Pope Gregory XI
1378-1389: Pope Urban VI
1378: Anti-Pope Clement VII
1380-1517: Period between the 1st complete English translation of the Bible and Martin Luther's 95 Theses
1380-1382: John Wycliffe, eminant theologian at Oxford, makes NT (1380) and OT (with help of Nicholas of Hereford) (1382) translations in English, 1st complete translation to English, included deutercanonical books, preached against abuses, expressed unorthodox views of the sacraments (Penance and Eucharist), the use of relics, and against celibacy of the clergy
1384: John Purvey, follower of John Wycliffe, revises Wycliffe's translation
1389-1404: Pope Boniface IX
1390?: Wycliffe's teachings condemned repeatedly in England
1394: Anti-Pope Benedict XIII
1404-1406: Pope Innocent VII
1406-1417: Pope Gregory XII
1408: Council of Oxford forbids translations of the Scriptures into the vernacular unless and until they were fully approved by Church authority, sparked by Wycliffite Bible, Sir Thomas More said: "It neither forbiddith the translations to be read that were already well done of old before Wycliffe's days, nor damneth his because it was new but because it was naught; nor prohibiteth new to be made but provideth that they shall not be read if they be made amiss till they be by good examination amended." ("A Dialogue against Heresies")
1409: Anti-Pope Alexander V
1410: Anti-Pope John XXIII
1412-1431: St. Joan of Arc, French national heroine
1415: Council of Florence condemns all of Wycliffe's works, but the actual Bibles continued continued to be used after having the heretical prologue removed, and were possessed by both religious houses and those of the nobility and tacitly accepted by Catholics
1417-1431: Pope Martin V
1431-1447: Pope Eugene IV
1439: Anti-Pope Felix V
1447-1455: Pope Nicholas V
1453: Byzantium succeeded by the Ottoman Empire
1455-1458: Pope Callistus III
1458-1464: Pope Pius II
1464-1471: Pope Paul II
1466-1536: Desiderius Erasmus, Dutch scholar, Greek NT used in many 16th century translations
1471-1484: Pope Sixtus IV
1473-1481: Sistine Chapel built, under supervision of Giovanni de Dolci
1478: Inquisition established by Pope Sixtus IV
1483-1546: Martin Luther, leader of Protestant reformation, preached that only faith leads to salvation without mediation of clergy or good works, attacked authority of the Pope, rejected priestly celibacy, recommended individual study of the Bible (see 1517, 1522)
1484-1492: Pope Innocent VIII
1488-1569: Miles Coverdale, Augustinian friar who left the Order, repudiated Catholicism, 1st Protestant Bishop of Exeter
1491-1556: Ignatius of Loyola, founded the Jesuit order (see 1534)
1492: Christopher Columbus's first voyage, discovers San Salvador – begins Spanish colonization of the New World
1492-1503: Pope Alexander VI
1503: Pope Pius III
1503-1513: Pope Julius II
1505-1572: John Knox, Protestant reformer in Scotland (see 1560)
1506: Pope Julius II orders the Old St Peter's Basilica torn down and authorizes Donato Bramante to plan a new structure, demolition completed in 1606
1508-1512: Michelangelo frescoes the Sistine Chapel's vaulted ceiling
1509-1547: Henry VIII ruler of England
1509-1564: John Calvin, preached predetermination, good conduct and success were signs of election
1513-1522: Pope Leo X
1517-1994: Modern Era of Christianity – Luther, Calvin lay the seeds of modern Protestantism, England breaks away from the Catholic Church
1517: 95 Theses (Martin Luther)
1518-1532: St Terese of Avila
1520: Luther excommunicated
1522-1523: Pope Adrian VI
1522: Luther's German NT translation
1523-1534: Pope Clement VII
1524: South German peasant uprising, repressed with Luther's support, begins 1.5 century long religious wars
1525-1534: Tyndale's translation of the NT from Greek text of Erasmus (1466) compared against the Vulgate and the Pentateuch from the Hebrew (1525) compared to Vulgate and Luther's German version (1530), first printed edition, used as a vehicle by Tyndale for bitter attacks on the Church, reflects influence of Luther's NT of 1522 in rejecting "priest" for "elder", "church" for "congregation"
1530: Augsburg Confession, Martin Luther founds the Lutheran Church
1531: Reported apparition of Mary at Guadalupe, Mexico, considered "worthy of belief" by the Catholic Church
1531: Earthquake in Lisbon, Portugal kills 30,000
1534: Henry VIII breaks England away from the Catholic church, confiscates monastic property, beginning of Episcopal Church
1534-1550: Pope Paul III
1534: Jesuit order founded by Lyola (1491-1556), helped reconvert large areas of Poland, Hungary, and S. Germany and sent missionaries to the New World, India, and China
1535-1537: Coverdale's Bible (see 1488), used Tyndale's (1525) translation along with Latin and German versions, included Apocrypha at the end of the OT (likeLuther) as was done in later English versions, 1537 edition received royal license, but banned in 1546
1536: Tyndale put to death, left his OT translation in manuscript, English ecclesiaastical authorities ordered his Bible burned because it was thought to be part of Lutheran reform
1537-1551: Matthew Bible, by John Rogers (1500-1555), based on Tyndale and Coverdale received royal license but not authorized for use in public worship, numerous editions, 1551 edition contained offensive notes (based on Tyndale)
1536-1541: Michelangelo paints the Last Judgement
1539-1552: Richard Taverner's (1505-1577) revisions of Matthew Bible, mostly NT revisions since he didn't know Hebrew, 1st edition most reliable
1539-1569: Great Bible, by Thomas Cromwell, 1st English Bible to be authorized for public use in English churches, defective in many places, based on last Tyndale's NT of 1534-1535, corrected by a Latin version of the Hebrew OT, Latin Bible of Erasmus, and Complutensian Polyglot, last edition 1569, never denounced by England
1542: Conocation makes an unsuccessful attempt to correct the Great Bible against the Vulgate
1543: Parliament bans Tyndale's translation as a "crafty, false and untrue transalation", although 80% of the words were in the RV
1545-1563: Council of Trent, Catholic Reformation, or counter-reformation, met Protestant challenge, clearly defining an official theology
1546: King Henry VIII forbids anyone to have a copy of Tyndale's or Coverdale's NT
1547-1553: Edward VI ruler of England
1549: Book of Common Prayer (Episcopal Church)
1550-1555: Pope Julius III
1550?: St. Thomas More, Cranmer, and Foxe affirm the existence of English versions of portions of the Bible, including the Gospels (11th century), Mark, Luke, Epistles of Paul (14th century), Apocalypse (11th century)
1553-1558: Mary I ruler of England, publications of English Scriptures cease (except for Geneva NT of 1557), many clerics leave England
1553: Pontifical Gregorian University founded at Vatican City
1555: Pope Marcellus II
1555-1559: Pope Paul IV
1556: Beza's Latin NT
1558-1603: Elizabeth I ruler of England
1559-1566: Pope Pius IV
1560: Geneva Bible, NT a revision of Matthew's version of Tyndale with use of Beza's NT (1556), OT a thorough revision of Great Bible, appointed to be read in Scotland (but not England), at least 140 editions
1560: Scotch Presbyterian Church founded by John Knox (1505-1572), due to disagreement with Lutherans over sacraments and church government
1563: 39 Articles (Episcopal Church)
1566-1572: Pope Pius V
1571: Superior force of Turks intent upon conquering Christian Europe is beaten decisively by Christian sailors reportedly calling upon the name of Our Lady of the Rosary
1572-1585 Pope Gregory XIII
1572-1606: Bishop's Bible, an inadequate and unsatisfactory revision of the Great Bible checked against the Hebrew text, 1st to be published in England by episcopal authority
1582: Rheims NT, based on Coverdale, Bishops', Geneva, follows Wycliffe
1585-1590: Pope Sixtus V
1590-1591: Pope Urban VII
1590: Sistine edition of the Vulgate
1590: Michelangelo's dome in St Peter's Basilica completed
1591-1592: Pope Innocent IX
1592-1605: Pope Clement VIII
1596: Ukranian Catholic Church forms when Ukranian subjects of the king of Poland are reunited with Rome, largest Byzantine Catholic Church
1603-1625: James I ruler of England, 1st to call himself King of Great Britain, became official with Act of Union in 1707
1605: Pope Leo XI
1605-1621: Pope Paul V
1606: Carlo Maderno redesigns St Peter's Basilica into a Latin cross
1609: Baptist Church founded by John Smyth, due to objections to infant baptism and demands for church-state separation
1609-1610: Rheims-Douay Bible, 1st Catholic English translation, OT published in two volumes, based on an unofficial Louvain text corrected by Sistine Vulgate
(1590), NT is Rheims text of 1582
1611-1800: King James (Authorized) Version, based on Bishop's Bible of 1572 with use of Rheims NT of 1582 – included Apocropha, alterations found in many editions through 1800, revisors accused of being "damnable corrupters of God's word"
1621-1623: Pope Gregory XV
1623-1644: Pope Urban VIII
1625-1649: Charles I ruler of England
1633: AV published in Scotland
1644: Long Parliament directed that only Hebrew canon only be read in the Church of England (effectively removed the Apocropha)
1644-1655: Pope Innocent X
1653-1658: Oliver Cromwell ruler of England
1655-1667: Pope Alexander VII
1658-1712: Richard Cromwell ruler of England
1660-1685: Charles II king of England, restoration of monarchy in England beginning under Charles II, continuing through James II, reversed decision of Long Parliament of 1644, reinstating the Apocrypha, reversal not heeded by non-conformists
1667-1670: Pope Clement IX
1667: Earthquake in Shemaka, Caucasia kills 80,000
1670-1676: Pope Clement X
1676-1689: Pope Innocent XI
1685-1688: James II king of England, deposed
1689-1702: William III king of England, with Mary II as queen until 1694
1689-1691: Pope Alexander VIII
1691-1700: Pope Innocent XII
1693: Earthquake in Catania, Italy kills 60,000
1700-1721: Pope Clement XI
1702-1714: Anne queen of England
1714-1727: George I king of England
1714: AV published in Ireland
1718: Catholic English version of NT by Dr. Nary, much less bulky than Reims-Douay
1721-1724: Pope Innocent XIII
1724-1730: Pope Benedict XIII
1727-1760: George II king of England
1730-1740: Pope Clement XII
1730: Catholic English version of NT, revision of Reims NT by Dr. Robert Witham
1738: Methodist Church founded by Rev John Wesley
1738-1816: New Catholic English versions of NT by Dr. Richard Challoner and Francis Blyth O.D.C., Bernard MacMahon, Dr Troy
1740-1758: Pope Benedict XIV
1752: AV published in New World colonies
1755: Earthquake in Northern Persia kills 40,000
1755: Earthquake in Lisbon, Portugal kills 60,000 (estimated at 8.75 Richter)
1758-1769: Pope Clement XIII
1760-1820: George III king of England
1769-1775: Pope Clement XIV
1775-1800: Pope Pius VI
1776: British colonies in America declare independance from England, American Revolution
1783: Earthquake in Calabria, Italy kills 30,000
1797: Earthquake in Quito, Ecuador kills 41,000
1800-1823: Pope Pius VII
1801-1877: Brigham Young, Mormon leader, colonized Utah
1811: Dr. Hay's revision of Challoner's version
1820-1830: George IV king of England
1822: Earthquake in Aleppo, Asia Minor kills 22,000
1815: Catholic Bible Society NT, based on Challoner's
1816-1829: Challoner's 3rd revision, Dr. John Lingard's translation from Greek using Vulgate when possible
1823-1829: Pope Leo XII
1827: Mormon Church founded by Joseph Smith as a result of reported visions of the Angel Moroni
1829-1831: Pope Pius VIII
1830-1837: William IV king of England
1830: Reported apparition of Mary in Paris, France, considered "worthy of belief" by the Catholic Church
1831-1846: Pope Gregory XVI
1832: Church of Christ (Disciples) organized, made up of Presbyterians in distress over Protestant factionalism and decline of fervor
1837-1901: Victoria queen of England
1846-1878: Pope Pius IX
1846: Reported apparition of Mary in La Salette, France, considered "worthy of belief" by the Catholic Church
1852-1922: Charles Taze Russell, founded the Jehova's Witnesses movement in the 1870s
1858: Reported apparition of Mary in Lourdes, France, considered "worthy of belief" by the Catholic Church
1859-1959: 90 Catholic NT editions, 56 Catholic editions of the whole Bible
1868: Earthquakes in Peru and Ecuador kills 40,000
1869-1870: First Vatican Council, 20th ecumenical, affirms doctrine of papal infallibility (ie. when a pope speaks ex cathedra on faith or morals he does so with the supreme apostolic authority, which no Catholic may question or reject)
1871: Reported apparition of Mary in Pontmain, France, considered "worthy of belief" by the Catholic Church
1875: Earthquake in Colombia, Venezuela
1878-1903: Pope Leo XIII
1878: 14-point creed of the Niagara Bible Conference, used by Fundamentalists
1879: Reported apparition of Mary in Knock, Ireland, considered "worthy of belief" by the Catholic Church
1881-1894: Revised Version, called for by Church of England, used Greek based on Septuagint (B) and (S), Massoretic text used in OT, follows Greek order of words, greater accuracy than AV, includes Apocrypha, scholarship never disputed
1898-1904: Twentieth Century NT, changed order of books to chronological
1901-1910: Edward VII king of England
1901: American Standard Version, recension of the RV, included words/phrases preferred by Americans, follows Greek order of words
1901: Pentecostal Church formed in Topeka, Kansas in reaction to loss of evangelical fervor among Methodists and other denominations
1902: Richard Weymouth NT, a careful literary translation
1903-1914: Pope Pius X, most recent Pope to be canonized
1910-1936: George V king of England
1910: 5-point statement of the Presbyterian General Assembly, also used by Fundamentalists
1910-1915: The Fundamentals, a 12-volume collection of essays by 64 British and American scholars and preachers, a foundation of Fundamentalism
1913-1924: James Moffat Bible, 1st one man translation in almost 400 years
1914-1922: Pope Benedict XV
1917: Reported apparition of Mary in Fatima, Portugal, "miracle of the sun" witnessed by between 70,000 and 100,000 people, considered "worthy of belief" by the Catholic Church
1919: World's Christian Fundamentals Association founded
1922-1939: Pope Pius XI
1925: Scopes Trial, caused division among Fundamentalists
1932: Reported apparition of Mary in Beauraing, Belgium, considered "worthy of belief" by the Catholic Church
1933: Reported apparition of Mary in Banneux, Belgium, considered "worthy of belief" by the Catholic Church
1936: Edward VIII king of England, acceeded and abdicated
1936-1952: George VI king of England
1936: Westminster NT, unofficial Catholic version (not commissioned by the Hierarchy)
1939-1958: Pope Pius XII
1945-1955: Knox Version, from Vulgate, asked for by English Hierarchy
1946-1952: Revised Standard Version, revision of AV "based on consonantal Hebrew text" for OT and best available texts for NT, done in response to changes in English usage
1949: Basic English Bible, only 1000 words, simple and direct style
1949: Discovery of Qumran (Essenes?) scrolls, aka Dead Sea scrolls (see 68)
1952-Present: Elizabeth II queen of England
1957: United Church of Christ founded by ecumenical union of Congregationalists and Evangelical & Reformed, representing Calvinists and Lutherans
1958-1963: Pope John XXIII
1958: J. B. Phillip's NT, uses only commonly spoken language
1959: Statement of Faith (United Church of Christ)
1961: New English Bible, renders original Basic English Bible for private use
1962-1965: Second Vatican Council, 21st ecumenical, announced by Pope John XXIII in 1959, produced 16 documents which became official after approval by the Pope, purpose to renew "ourselves and the flocks committed to us" (Pope John XXIII)
1963-1978: Pope Paul VI
1966: RSV Catholic Edition, a joint effort between Catholics and the Church of England, a big step towards a common Catholic/Protestant Bible
1966: Jerusalem Bible, translation from original languages based on Bible de Jerusalem, Catholic version
1970: Confraternity Version, new Catholic translation from the originals which began before 1939 as a translation from the Vulgate, but ending up as a new translation from the Hebrew (OT) and Greek (NT).
1971: New American Standard Bible, updated the ASV using recent Hebrew and Greek textual discoveries
1978: Pope John Paul I
1978: New International Version, used eclectic Greek text, Massoretic Hebrew text, and current English style
1978-?: Pope John Paul II, reaffirmed conservative moral traditions (The Splendor of Truth) and the forbidding of women in the priesthood
1979-1982?: New King James Bible, complete revision of 1611 AV, updates archaisms while retaining style
1981-?: Reported apparitions of Mary in Medjugorje, Yugoslavia, not yet approved/disapproved by the Catholic Church
1994: Declaration of cooperation between Evangelicals and Catholics

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