The Thadous

Published on June 14, 2004

By Paominlien Kipgen 

Introduction:
 
The Thadous are found in Manipur, Assam, Nagaland and Mizoram in India, and in Chin state and Sagaing Division in Burma/Myanmar. In Manipur, they are mostly found in South-Western Hills and Sadar Hills, Churachandpur district, Ukhrul district, Jiribam and Chandel district.

From time immemorial, the Thadous have a culture of their own and distinct language, literature, dress, social life, and self-government. Livelihood, Defense, Marriage, Divorce, Naming a child, Kut Festivals, Saguol Kengkhai, Vaphol  lam, Lakoi lam, Khongbai lam, Lamkuol, Saipikhup, suh  folk dances, Jhuming, Domestic animals, Religion, Hunting etc..
 
Thadous have a language distinct from other tribal languages; the Government of India has recognized the Thadou as a tribe and as a language cum culture and customs. This is recognized by the President Notification under Article No. 342 of the Indian Constitution vide the Scheduled Caste and Scheduled Tribes, List Order Notification No. SRO. 2477-A. Ministry of Law & Home Affairs, Govt. of India dated 29th October, 1956 at New Delhi in respect of the State of Manipur.
 
While the kings ruled in Manipur, the Thadous served as the Manipur Army and helped in the maintenance of Law & Order. So that, the Meiteis composed the Folk Song, “MANIPUR SANA LEIBAK, CHINGNA KOINA PANSABA, HAONA KOINA PAN NGAKPA” was to the Thadous only.

Social Structure:
 
McCulloch clearly pinpointed as to how exactly Thadou social structure functions when he stated that the Thadous “…pay much attention to their genealogy and profess to know the names of their Chiefs in succession…”. Here lies the secret of Raymond Firth’s definition of ‘Social Structure and Function’
 
In this connection we may draw our attention to the effect that though there is no such rigid system as is found in castes hierarchical order in the Hindu Varna, the stereotype structure of Thadou social system is based on the order of precedence of lineal descents, numbers thereof being dependent on the widespread of their sub-lineal branches which make the Thadous and their collateral clans enable to claim their pedigree right from the legendary ancestor called CHONGTHU (some spelled as SHONGTHU) to Thadou. The Genealogical Tree from Chongthu to Thadou as the social structural base found in the journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal: N.S. XXIV: is reproduced here in below:
 
Genealogical Tree from Chongthu to Thadou:
 
CHONGTHU begets Sattong; Chongja is the Younger brother of Chongthu;
 
SATTONGbegets Thangpi; Sattong married Sheichin, a woman from Vanlal Village, believed to be located in celestial abode. Sattong has two younger brothers but are unknown;
 
THANGPIbegets Shingmeng and Hangmeng; the Koms, Kilongs, Vaiphei, Chirus, and other Old Kuki clans. Hangmeng as their progenitor;
 
SHINGMENGbegets Titou, Touhin and Touthang,
 
a) Titou is the Progenitor of Doungels whose seniority is said not being accepted by the Thados of other clans now as the lineage has become extinct in the true line and is now represented by the descendent of a slave. This contention is not accepted by Dr. J.H. Hutton and is refuted as given separately here in below details.
 
b) Touthang is the progenitor of Lamhao Kukis.
 
 TOUHIN – begets Ni-nel;
 
 NI-NEL – begets Lhoulhuh;
 
 LHOULHUH – begets Sehtha;
 
 SEHTHA – begets Thadou, Chongloi and Hangshing;
 
 THADOU – begets Thalhun;
 
 THALHUN – begets Elmun (by first wife), Kipgen and Haokip (by second wife).
 
The followings are the recognized Thadou tribe covered under the Amended Vide Govt. of India Ministry of Law Notification Order No. SRO-24777-A, Dated 29th October, 1956, New Delhi.
 
 1. Guite                  2. Doungel               3. Sitlhou                4. Singsit     
 
 5. Kipgen               6. Haokip                 7. Chongloi             8. Hangshing    
 
 9. Touthang           10. Lotjem               11. Haolai               12. Tuboi
 
 13. Sa’um              14. Khuolhou          15. Lupho                16. Lupheng            
 
 17. Misao               18. Mate                    19. Baite                  20. Lhungdim
 
 21. Ngailut              22. Kiloung              23. Insun                 24. Jongbe
 
 25. Lunkim             26. Lienthang          27. Thangngew      28. Changsan
 
 29. Lhang’um        30. Khuongthang               
 
In Defense of Chengjapao:  Hutton, J.H. (1928), in his review of the above contention in regard to the non-acceptance of Doungel’s lineage whose House was allegedly extinct, endorsed to the truth of structural order of the Genealogical Tree as given above, i.e. from Chongthu to Thadou, but was very skeptical to the alleged extinction of direct male line of Doungel clan.
 
SHAKESPEARE'S THADOU: 1912:
 
Fifty Five years  later, when McCulloch established the genealogical tree of Thadou in 1857, Shakespeare, Lt. Col., J., (1912 : 187-88: The Lushai Kuki Clans, Part-II) stated that:
 
“After many enquiries I am quite of the same opinion and have found pedigrees collected from various sources differed by slightly from that recorded by colonel McCulloch”
 
And further stated that:
 
“The four main families of Thadou are the Doungel, Shitloh, Haukip and Kipgen. The Doungel are descended from Thadou’s elder brother and therefore are considered as rather superior to the rest of the families”.
 
Shakespeare was also emphatic to say that the name Thado was “…derived by the people themselves from “that” ‘to kill’ and “doh”  ‘to war’ and that the term,
 
“New Kuki, which, appears so often in the records, Cachar and Sylhet, in the middle of last century (19th century), and which has been adopted by Dr. Grierson in the ‘Linguistic Survey of India’ may be taken as synonymous with Thado”.
 
GRIERSON’S THADOU; 1904:
 
Genealogical tree of the Thadou as constructed by McCulloch in 1857 having been proved as the correct version was by Dr. Grierson, C.A, K.C.I.E, Ph.D, D. Litt., LL.D, ICS (Rtd.), in his book on “Linguistic Survey of India” (Vol.III: Tibetan –Burman family, Part  III: p. 351, 361 & 383) in 1904 after fifty seven years of publication of McCulloch’s work. Grierson is an eminent scholar and renown authority on language in both the academic and administrative worlds. He contended to say that:
 
“… It has become customary to use the term New Kuki to denote the Thados and their off-shoots…, that Thado is the name of their original progenitor…. That in Manipur they are called KHONGZAIs and that they used this name themselves in conversation with Manipuris. Whom they called Mei-Lei (Meilhei)”
 
and maintained that based on the findings of McCulloch, many other
 
“…sub-tribes trace their origin back to Thado and his brothers…”,
 
and concluded to say that:
 
“…the Principal clans are the Shithlo (Sitlhou), Shingsol (Singson), Chongloi, Hangseen (Hangshing), Keepgen (Kipgen) and Haukip (Haokip), from which have sprung several sub-clans of smaller importance…”.
 
A). Thado-pao: Grieson, as expert and authority on Language, included THADOU in the Tibeto-Burman Group of Linguistic Family (1904:  p383: Linguistic Survey of India, Vol.III, Tibeto-Burman Family P: Part.III) saying that:
 
“All these tribes, with the exception of Baite, speak the same language, and the dialectical differences are on slight. The language itself is according to Stewart, Lieut. R,(1857: A slight Notice of the Grammar of Thado, published in the Journal of Asiatic Society of Bengal Vol. XXIV: 187-88) and Damant, G.H.(Notes on Manipuri Grammar and North Cachar Hills, published in the Journal of Asiatic Society of Bengal Vol.XXIV: 173 ) called THADOU-PAO, Thado language”.
 
Likewise, Hudson,T.C., in his book on Thado Grammar, Shillong (1906; pl7) and Soppitt, C.A. in his book on Grammar of the Rangkhol Language (1887 : p37), Shillong, expressed that the language spoken by descendants and their cognates of Thadou is called THADO-PAO. After a lapse of a good many years, Shakespeare, J.,Lt. Col. (1912:pl 78-79 Lushai Kuki clans )  said that:
 
 “….. it is spoken by all the descendants of Thadou and  by the non-Thadou clans absorbed in them”
 
and that  ‘Thadou–Pao’ is the ‘Lingua-franca’ among themselves. In this regard, it may be relevant if letter No.KPM/37/198 dated the 11th January, 1919 from Mr.J.C. Higgins, Political Agent, Manipur, addressed to Dy. Inspector General of Military police, Anglo-kuki war, 1917-19, in connection with the language to be used officially most understandable by the people in the areas between the Somra and Thongdut State of Burma, is brought to our attention. Higgins said,
 
“Thadou Kuki is the language of the kuki tribes in general, and is intelligible to all the kukis in the Somra areas and Thongdut State. I only know of one text book, a Thado Grammar, with Thadou-English and English–Thado vocabularies attached, by Mr.T.C.,Hudson. This is obtainable at the Assam Secretariat and at Thacker Spink’s priced re.1/-. It is in Roman character”.
 
He further opined that “The learning of the Tangkhul dialect spoken in the Somra will present very considerable difficulty, as it is an entirely unknown language….. The dialects throughout the Tangkhul country vary to a surprising extent even from village to village. The Tangkhul dialects are not on the list of languages for which a reward is offered by the Assam Government, as no officer has ever learnt them. They are quite distinct from both Manipuri and Thadou. 

“Manipuri and Thadou contain certain roots in common, but are quite distinct languages and knowledge of one does not enable a person to make himself understood by persons speaking the other. The Assam Government grants a separate reward to officers passing in both. But Thadou kuki is closely allied to Lushai and a reward cannot be obtained in both these languages, it is also allied to the Northern Chin dialects”
 
B). Thadou Population: Grierson also founded that the Thadou Population was fairly large enough that tempted him to say “…the Thadou clan is a very large one” and accounted their number as follows (1904):
 
 1. In Manipur                     20,000
 
 2. In Naga Hills                5,500
 
 3. In Cachar Plain            5,400
 
 4. In Sylhet                         534
 
    Total =                             31,434
 
The above estimate omits the members of the clans in North-Cachar Hills and in the unadministered tract between the Naga Hills and Manipur on the west and the Upper Chindwin district of Burma in the east. The whole clan traces its genealogy to mythical hero who is believed to have dwelt below the surface of the earth and emerged there from to the surface of the earth through a cave known ‘Khul’, or ‘Khur’, equivalence of which among the Lushais and those living in the Lushai Hills (now called Mizoram) was called ‘Chhinlung’.
 
Conclusion:
 
There emerges from the preceding paragraphs clearly that:
 
 1. The term Thadou is the name of eponymous ancestor of descendents of thadou who claimed to be descended from legendary progenitor called Chongthu;
 
 2. The controversies that almost wrecked the foundation of relationship between cousins among Thadous stemmed from strict enforcement of stringent principle of social structure based on respect and annual tribute paid to the senior lineal descent belonging to a single genealogical tree which must  on no account be blemished resulting from questions such as non-issue of male child known as INGAM, continuity of Generation of male line must perpetuate through procrastination by solemn marriage in conformity with customary law which does not recognize illegitimate off-spring out of extra-marital relationship, adoption, incestuous relationship within exogamous groups of people, etc., etc.;
 
 3. Thadous spread all over the hills surrounding the Valley of Manipur as could be evidenced from the writings of Makenze, A., in 1779, the renowned scholar and bureaucrat and as also by Sir Nicholar BEatson Bell, the former Chief Commisioner of Assam, said that the Anglo-Kuki War, 1917-19 was confined entirely to the Thadous….”
 
 4. Combining together all the findings of authorities on the Thadous beginning from McCulloch in 1857 down to Sir Nicholas Beatson Bell in 1945, the following categories of people are found to be Thadou. They are:
 
 a). Descendents of Shingmeng, the son of Thangpi, begetting Titou, Touhin, and Touthang, in the direct male descents from legendary ancestor, Chongthu, consisting of broadly  (1)Doungel (including lhotjim, Gwite, thuomlhun and Haolai), whom Hutton  had declared as head of the Thadous, (2) Sitlhou, (3)Singson, (4)Kipgen, (5)Haokip, (6)Chongloi, (7) Hangsing, and  (8) Touthang (Lhamhao);
 
 b). Descendants of Hangmeng, the younger brother of Shingmeng, in the second direct male lineal descents from legendary ancestor, Chongthu, consisting of (1) Kom, (2) Kilong,  (3) Chiru, (4) Chothe, (5) Purum , (6) Koireng, (7) Koirao, (8) Misao, (9) Lupheng, (10) Lupho, (11) Ngoilu (Ngailut), (12)  Tuiboi, and all other old Kuki groups not mentioned herein; AND
 
 c). Descendants of ancient races who are not of Chongthu pedigree but claiming to have lived over the earth, enduring the trauma of torturous and quelling Thimzin episode before Chongthu and his party emerged from the bowels of earth (khul or Khur) who have for all intents and purposes have absorbed and could as well be under the honourific ‘burman title’, called Thadou, meant for persons of fame and repute. They consist of (1) Lhangum, (2) Thangngeo,(3)  Lunkim, (4) Changsan, (5) Lenthang. They claim that they have not belonged to the descendants of Chongthu and have not been bound by the system of payment of ‘Sating’ to any of the above groups of clans at (a) and (b) above.
 
Lastly but not the least, the term ‘Khongsai’ was found first to have been used by the Haokip Thadou ‘for Thado’. They  also speak of themselves as ‘Thado’ and though this term, ‘Khongsai’, may be taken to cover all other clans, not actually claiming ‘Thado’ as an ancestor, ‘Khongsai’ originally and precisely  is used to denote ‘Thado’ “…who are the cream of ‘Khongsai’  per excellence, the male descendants of Thado..” according to  Hutton, Dr.J. H.: 1928
 
Having said and done without any prejudice to anyone, the findings and contentions on the subject matter are open for pragmatic and objective academic exercises for benefits of young intellectuals, administrators, anthropologists, sociologists and policy decision makers. However, the bottom line is that the thadous are also one of the numerous Kuki families.
 
References:
 
1)  Jimmy Jamkhomang Thadou ( A brief ancient history of the Thadou inhabitants in Manipur Hills)
2)  T.S. Gangte (Structure of the Thadou society)

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40 Comments

  1. Phung le chang’in boi2 pou te epao u lah aki bang ngallin epao uaki bah jeh in thakhat nin pan lah ding ngai to tao te.

  2. Sopi teho thudih thutah akisel theipoi tijong aumin..
    2khang hi let le neo seikhen na kibao kisao seiphat ahitapoi. Tabang gui thu hi manlu tah ahi.
    Koichu koi ehiu ham t ehecheh taove, hena sasa adihlou bolhi chonset na bannah paap poh najong ahi.

    Ehetthem loupen ukhat tua kihedoh chu ‘khongzai tia anakihe hochu thadou ho ahin, nang khongsai, kei thadou kiti louva pha ahi’.

    Chule THADOU sanga pendol a peng masa le atah jo (tua phung le changa kihe e.g.,touthang,guite,etc) tamtah aumin ahin ehung kitona peh u le ehung kihetnao THADOU a ekikhai khom va khantouna emano diu vin ekingeh uve. Thisan khat voukhat kiti chu kolningli a kithe cheh jongle phatkhat teng kipunkh0m thou2 ahi.

    PATHEN NIN EIUM PI JING TAOHEN.

  3. Comment a nasei jouse uchu adih soh kei e, kinep p naum thei lheh uve. Chuleh kadei be khat aum nalai e, sei tho keu helou vin toh tho angai tai, asei chu kun asei mo d hm? Asei d lamkai inei naove. Ka vetle comment a akinil jong naum uve, akhoh poy apha lam ah kinil uvin

  4. British ten jong Thadou te eitiu, Jatdangdang hon jong Thadou tia eihetsau..Ipao u jong Thadou pao tia kihe..Ipu u Thadou minpu la kihingal..hoilaitah chu ipomtheilou u ahidem..SOPITEHO, i umdan uhi kavetvetleh..Israel te louchal jeh a Pathen achung uva alunghanteng athigamdehdeh jiu chu eigeldoh sah in kapo nalheh e.
    Ipi kisei henlang kigeljongleh “Thadou” tailou ikiminvo nadiu phajo umlouheeeeeeel ahi. Ihiti jeh uva namlentah ding “KUKI” chu tunia tribe tobangbeb Namneocha, minuisat theibeb iso doh u ahitai..eihin ihoupthatha vanguva..paite, simte, zou, hmar, anal, lamkang, gangte, kom, chiru, vaiphei etc etc hokhun eiho (thadou te)bouhi Kuki eitiu ahi, amaho khu Kuki hiding nomloubeh ahiuve..ZACHAT UMTAH AHI. Hiche hi isuhdih masangseuva i political/state demand u lolhing ngeingeilou ding ahi tihi ilhohbu uva ikhumlut chehdiu ahi. Kapohnat jeh a kasei ahije, gelthem ute.

    • Jalencha

      @ Moi & Darren Pa,

      Thadou/Kuki thu hi hung kisei jing tu ban a jong kisei kit kit ding topic khat chu ahi e. Kapom’e/kapom poi ti man’a e dei dei moh sei jong hi apom/apomlou ho dinga ana ngai hah maithei ahi e. Ken THADOU TAILOU kati vangin KUKI TAILOU tijong atam jo aum kit nalai e.

      North America gam’a Cherokee ho khun ‘Cherokee Tribe’ ti sangin ‘ Cherokee Nation’ ti joh anom uve…… please do ponder over it judicously.

  5. killer lhanghal

    ipi ding a zomi ,thadou ,kuki tia iki dem jinguham sopikhat thisan khat ihilou uhamkhaije lungkhat in pheiphung son khom tao hite,

  6. killer lhanghal

    lhanghal tehin koima komah kabehp ouvetukal phungmin kisei nalah a achom beh in hin sun uvin.

  7. sat

    chongthu alien pen ahile iti thil jouse Thadou min’a um jenga hitam!

    • SOPI SATPU, Alen-aneo, atah-adawng, achom-asau ihakhol chan uva khantouna umtheilouding, kinelna tamchehcheh a semphatjoulou hella vutvai thea iki themanggam diu ahi. Pakai Jesu seijuiho vangam a alenpen koi ihidiuvem tia aphun chelchul uva chu Pakai yin ipia adonbut em? PAITE hokhu paite chilhah jeng, ahilouleh Hmar hokhu hmarpa sonlepah jeng nahisah ham? Hmar laha nasopi Singson leh Changsan izat Hmar tribe a kisim uva chuleh Paite holah a nasopi Guite leh Hangsing ijat in Paite kahi tia thingamleu va pangkhu nahetlouham? Ipi dia kapu/kapa, alen-aneo iti jing uva chapang lungthimbei ho lunggel iken uham.. Khangthu hasutsut a isut jeh’u hilouham lungkhat a idinkhom theilou u. “OUR FUTURE SUCCESS AS A NATION DEPENDS NOT ON WHO OUR ANCESTORS WERE, BUT WHOLLY DEPENDS ON WHAT WE ALL DECIDE TODAY.

  8. Muanlal Khongsai

    the problem is not in the name but with the people. all the Zomis say we are Eimi. All the thadou-Kuki say we are Eimi. Some Eimi say we are Kuki and the remaining Eimi say we are Zomi.

  9. Momoi

    I am pretty surprise and glad to see that we the ‘Touthangs’ are way older and in a higher hierarchy in the Kuki Society than even Haokips & Kipgens: Now I know that –
    1. My father’s name – Late Tongkhomang Touthang
    2. My Grandfather’s name – Late Henkhothang Touthang
    3. My Great Grandfather’s name – Late Shokhothang Touthang
    4. My Great Great Grandfather’s name – Late Thongkhokam Touthang
    5. my Great Great Great Grandfather’s name – Late Khupkhotong Touthang(My dad was named after him!)
    6. My Great Great Great Great Grandfather’s name – Late Ngamjakhup Touthang

    Well, these is my geneology I could get my hands on by asking around in my village and so would like to know if anyone knows who is the father of My GGGG Grandpa Ngamjakhup Touthang, etc.

    Thanks in advance.

    Keima,
    Momoi@Caroline Touthang

    • Neilal Songza

      Interesting
      Me too wanna know my ancestors
      I know only my Father’s and Grand Father’s name

  10. L Robert

    I belong to the Zomi but I think Kuki can be accepted for our political benifit. Kuki has a hostory but there is no history of Zomi

  11. e t danna ZOMI hohi KUKI a kisim lou u ham?? kagel g leh kalunghan toh kapohnat g dan.
    Heche hi lamkai ho le mithupi abol thei hon suh tup le kati e.
    Eki pun khom le koi ham einoise dg, ,,,,,,,TAH CHAPA KUKI CHAPA,,,,,,,,,

    • maxkuki, KUKI cih pen kuki bible nasimle namuh theilel ve Abang cidana zomi cu kuki hitheih di kuki cih pen tribe hilal loumaw.

      • Kuki

        Zomi hi a bang bol doh d kisa moh. Lamka nakhel leh zomi kithei kha nonlou zomisaang gam-sikha ho bou kithei

  12. Doungel le Touthang hi Thadou sanga upa hitajong leh kenvang Pathen vangboh chen nan
    Thadou kapome. Thadou pa jong kalaigui joppa ahi in ahi.

    • Jalencha

      The same with me.

      Thadou thu a iboi boi sang un PAITE kiti ngap tao heite Sopi. Thadou?? My grandson???

  13. Thadou iki ti uhi kagel gel leh dih kasa hih beh e….

    Thadou iki ti sang uvin, Chongthu in kimin vo joleh kadei joi…

  14. Kapu Rev.Dr.T lunkim in Thadou Bible tiding Kuki Bible bou tia anasut khah tahjeha tuni donga kuki society hiti boi ahita e sopiteho engai damding uh himai intin, Bible jong Thadou Kuki tia enung khelsah uh ngai inte. Nam lamkai hole Houlam kaiho in thum nakhat neithei leu hen phapen inte tin kagel in ahi.

    • Jalencha

      Na BUH thi nading anailam’e SOPI. Aboi imacha aumpoi. By the way, i heard that Lunkims are descendedts of the T-Nagas??

      • Jalien lhunglhou

        @jalencha nice portraying your Thadou blackheart and envious attitude,self-centred personality,leadership wanting,filthy mouth which runs in the blood of many of the thadou’s fanatic. I am happy not being Thadou. I am khongsai-kuki and will always be. Are thadous KUKI??

      • Jalien lhunglhou

        Kuki is a tribe and paite,vaiphei,gangte,simte,zou,khongsai,komrem,thadou(not sure) etc are the sub-tribes of it(MANIPUR CONTEXT).

  15. Thadou hi han nang Kuki hi han nang, min dang dang ki sem jong leh, he che lim he che mel iki khen pou ve. E cha te e nao te ding a tao na toh mi ching mi them, a phat na jong a pha pen, a khoh na jong a khoh pen he thei na ding u vin tao khom u te. a them pen leh a ngol pen ehi thei na ding u vin…Kum thah cha vei…..:P

    • Cain

      Hey, spelling iman houhi phaten check phao hite.

      Ei paova hi (SH sound, W sound, R sound) hohi manthei hilou ahi. (Sheichin, Shingmeng, Hangshing, Lushai) tiho hi a sound dihtheilou ahi. (Seichin, Singmeng, Hangsing, Lusai) hidi ahi. Akibah louna vetsah nan (see leh she). sh a hi hissing sound produce ding ahin eipaova hissing sound umna umlou ahi.

      Facebook a mi khat in jong Singson hi Shingshon hiding ahi ahintin hiche hohi patdoh dao hite, masanga spelling anakimang hohi khel dijong tamlou ahi.

      W leh R jong eipaova kimang theilou ahivangin gamkai loikhat, (cha iron diu ha? or varung a cheote?) hitobang mang jong a umin ahivanga adih a akigel lou jeh a R sound jong eipaova amanna ding umlou ahi.

  16. SEIMINTHANG L. THADOU

    THADOU te imut a kon’a khah phat ahitai.. THADOU te atampente abolthei pente ipida ihinao THADOU min hi ingaisang lou u ham? Tu a kipat ibol jouseu itoh jouseu THADOU min in bou bol ute.
    THADOU STUDENTS’ASSOCIATION, THADOU TRIBE COUNCIL, THADOU LITERATURE SOCIETY,ETC… hohi tosot utin hatsah gou hite.

    NAMPI sangin ijat’u THADOU hi kisemtup masat ute, eiho THADOU te ikitup jouphat uleh NAMPI ding boipi naote!!

    LONGLIVE THADOUS!!

    • Michelle Hoi

      Longlive Seiminthang L Thadou!

    • Sopi SEIMINTHANG L. THADOU nasei dihvalle! keilunggel phabeppi nahinseidoh in kipa um kasan, eini banga THADOU SOCIETY suhhatnading lunggel pohnat na nei atam mama in, hinlah ilah uva ahethem nailou mi phabep in eisuh nohphah u ahi kitileh kiseikhel ponte, kitil khouto nalamin hapan in pangleu hen, Pathen in aphatchan itaonau sangtei inte.. seinom atam in oljep leh hinsei jom tange Sopi.

  17. Lun

    THADOU te Leng-gam, Thadou Leng/leng-gam tia ipu pa khang-a pat hun kisei-a iti Thadou te mi soh-a pang-a i-hiti seisei jieng-u hitantem!! KUKI NATION hi gam neilou NATION ihipouve. Pu Doungel pa chu ana thi hih henlang or Chin a lengvai puo-ah Thadou chapa chu Manipur ana hungleh tugei-a hi Thadou leng-gam umding, KUKI ho i-gam uva cheng ihidiu ahe.
    ¤
    or British ten i-leng-gam u 3 in homkhen hihleu country beh ihidiu ahe. Haona pan ngakpa hi kamuda val e.
    ¤
    Thadou sung’a Thadou sperm hilou hon Thadou tribe ipiding-a ahiti deh-u ahidem? Pu pa khanglai-a khanglui honbon ima anasei lou-u. Ole khangthah hohi thiemlheh chinglheh ihiu hintem?
    Pu le pa hetjat 100 a 1 jong ihejou pouve.
    ¤
    KUKI in Thadou te bou ahuop hi kagel le kapuo na lheh e. Nation ding-a kikoi min hi, Thadou ten iha kichun val un sopi jammang atam tai. Kuki a hin isopi dang hojong angailut na theiding un tha pe u hite. Eihon Thadou-kuki iti jing-un, amahon Vaiphei, Hmar, etc atile kichai jeng. Eihon jong hiti hin boltau te.
    ¤
    Zomi toh Mizo chu chapang ahibou in, Thadou te ichih uva, sopi huiji ihet pou ule Kuki nation tia minkhat a iumkhom diu katahsan-e. Hijeh chun Kuki hi aman ji chingthei ute.
    ¤
    Thadou ten min ipi nahim atile Thadou tita louva Kuki iti jingjeng u hi, tribe isodiu ahitai, nam lientah Kuki hi.
    Phatchomkhat jou leh
    Thadou = Kuki
    hung hidi ahite. Gelphat ngai.
    Tua hi
    Thadou-Kuki
    tiding jengjong,
    Thadou/kuki
    ahi lou leh
    Thadou(KUKI)
    tia ijih pankit u ahite.
    ¤
    Amat pet in khel u te kati nomme.
    ¤
    THANKS

    • Michelle Hoi

      LUN nathusei 100% adih Vaal behseh jenge! Hitobang Lunggel nei eiho Thadou lah a ium nalai jeh uvin PATHEN kathang vah e!

    • Kinel nelleuhen, aphatchomna umlouding..icha-ituteuvin ipi tribe ahiu ahin kihetlou tahbeh diu ahi..kati najehchu tulai chapang khangthah tamtah hi, ipi tribe nahim tia idohleh lungneulou hella “KUKI” ti atamtai..khaiye eiho khanga i umchan u jong aval set ahitai. itu-ichateu khanga “CONFUSION” aumlou nadin THADOU kiti cheh ute. Tutadin tribe thahthah jong gonbe dau hitin..Pathen in imudiu va aphatsah leh ZALENGAM/KUKILAND ihinmu jouteng u leh vangchuh! inopnop kisah taute akhohpoi. Inam chanpiu tribe dangho kilungkhatdan kivetchilchel leuhen -for eg. PAITE, HMAR, ZOU, KOM, VAIPHEI ETC ETC…phunggui based hilouva ham/pau based chuleh Christa akon ngailutna jallin kipumkhattau hite. KUKI NAMPI det hen itiuva ingailut mongmong uleh..first n foremost, THADOU tribe a ikikan tupchetdiu angaiye, PU T LUNKIM suhkhel ahi jong tipoute, mihem koima achamkim akiumpoi, hichu semphat/khelkit thei mama ahi, kasopiteho.

  18. K. Manga Khongsai

    Dear Bros/Sisters we shall imagine future for OUR Nation; Let’s Forgot passed mistook! We are ONE GEN ONE FAMILY.

  19. Seiboi Haokip

    Kuki n zomi are same bt kuki includes paite,thadou,gangte, hmar,kom,anal etc(i.e. Non nagas n non meiteis of manipur)when i was born ihad never heard zomi n othr people like meiteis n nagas called us all as kukis.Bt due2 narrow minded or lady thought unfortunately my fellow friends could change their mind so easily.Do not just blame kuki UG groups,y cnt we teach the people to stand rigid who cant b rigid or solid or teach our gud friends nt to change our nomenclature everytime.smetime x smetime y smetime z.wat is dis cowardness,chnging nomenclature so quickly?if v really want longterm political benefits we must thnk n act wisely.smetime runnin to mizo n naga wouldnt work out,its just wastage of time coz prodigle son wil defenitely cme bck to hs orignal place.u n me together can brng wind of changes.Infact no one is perfct,neither thadou nor paite or neither seiboi nor hahau,every one has its weakness n uniqueness.so lets nt just blame others bt work together with love n wisely.All the best!

  20. hahau

    Kuki and Zomi are the one and the same. They both are the descendent of Zo. Some Historians says our nomenclature is Zomi. It may be remembered that Kuki-Chin-Zomi-Mizo are one and the same.

    The saddest part of this fight is there are so many Kuki UG groups and they always fight among themselves…. so, it will be difficult for some tribes to accept Kukis as their nomenclature…. For instance, some Gangtes recently declared that they accept Mizo or merger into mizo. But, some of the Gangtes claim they accept Zomis…. so, if we think we are the older we must mend our way and not to be very fond of threatening others… the need of the hour is to have a broad mind… shun out narrow mind…..

  21. seiboi Haokip

    yes there is a solution to nomenclature.B4 we fight for it,we need to focus ourself or thadou-kuki speakers.we have lots of responsibilities to uplift our society.we were once group under one name ‘kuki’,but now due to poor tactics our politics failed.our population+areas are the largest among other tribes of manipur.so if we(thadou-kuki) are united n work for future,then ultimately other people of ours will slowly accept us by realising our good deeds.

    • Muanlal Khongsai

      na sei dih val e sopi. Kuki akiti teng mi dang hon “always aggressive and barbaric” second thought neilou mito kitoh theilou, gaal nei jing jeng a ei koi u ahe. Kisempha taote.

  22. Bosco Singson

    we still fight for nomenclature. according to me this will definitely bring disadvantage in the progress of kukiland or zalangam. i think there is no solution for this as the zomis wnt accept kuki and vise versa. its a very pity condition that even before our dreams of zalangam is accomplished we have already divided the dream land. may God be with us.

  23. seiboi Haokip

    kuki is the oldest term that includes non-naga n non-meitei of manipur.zomi is the latest term.According to indian constitution if we want long term benefits politically kuki nomenclature must be accepted,infact majority of non-meitei n non-naga of manipur accept the term kuki.

  24. Bosco Singson

    can any one help me differentiating between the KUKI and the ZOMI?

    • Henna

      Kuki and Zomi are the same and one the name zomi may be given by ouselves the term Kuki is given by others as hill people or highlander majority of people including the british known and accept us as kuki I did’t see any problem to be known as a Kuki.